Champlain is the 6th largest fresh water
body in the USA with 600 miles of shoreline, 120 miles
long and more than 70 islands. The Champ contains 6.8
trillion gallons of water! One of its interesting
geological facts is that the lake has the oldest fossil
coral reef in the world! Yes, that’s right, coral.
Five Hundred million (500,000,000,000) years ago, this
area was a shallow tropical sea. At the Isle La Motte
you can find the fossilized coral reef, call “Chazy
Reef”. We have several samples at the main office for
viewing in our mineral displays.
is classified into four zones: littoral (where sunlight
penetrates the bottom allowing submerge vegetation to grow;
limnetic zone (where sunlight can penetrate but not to the
bottom and where algae dominate the food chain); profundal zone
(beneath the sunlight); and benthic zone (sediment layer which
is home to many organisms which find their substance from food
that sinks to the bottom).
lake is home to over 250 species of fowl, 70 species of fish
with popular game species including panfish, small mouth and
largemouth bass, northern pike, lake trout and Atlantic salmon.
Lake Champlain has world class trout fishing tournaments.
Outdoor Life named Lake Champlain Bass Fishing
Capital of America!
has designated the Champlain Region as one of their scenic
byways. Each of byways represents a different theme: scenic,
natural, recreational, cultural, historical or archaeological.
New York state boasts two National Scenic Byways and one passes
through the Adirondacks and holds the nation's highest
designation. We’ve provided a write up for the Champlain Lakes
to Lock Passage (click
here), for your enjoyment and hopefully to be
included in your travel plans
there is much to explore today, perhaps a little study of the
yester years might be of interest as you venture our Lake
Champlain. The French explorer Samuel de Champlain encountered
this lake in 1609. It was renamed after his name sake. Prior
to Samuels arrival, the two conflicting stories are the Native
American Iroquois named the Ganiaderi Guarunte (meaning mouth
or door o the country), or the Algonquian Abenaki name of
Petonbowk (meaning the lake in between).
colonial times, Lake Champlain provided easy traversed water
ways. Forts at Ticonderoga and Crown Point controlled the
passage during these times.
The War of
1812, known as the “Battle of Plattsburgh” fought on 9/11/1814
ended the final British invasion. Following the war, the US
Army began construction on “Fort Blunder”. So named for the
surveying error of .75 miles into the Canadian border. Opps!
After the signing of the Webster-Ashburton Treaty in 1842, the
boundaries were adjusted and the fort continued its
construction. Portions of this fort (Fort Montgomery) still
stands and is currently for sale.
early 19th century, the construction of the Champlain
Canal connected Lake Champlain to the Hudson River System for
commerce. In 1929, NY’s Governor Franklin Roosevelt and VT’s
Governor John Weeks dedicated the first bridge to span the lake
from Crown Point to Chimney Point. This bridge later replaced
on November 6, 2011 with grand ceremonies.
Points of Interest
here) in Crown Point
of Lake Champlain (click
Town on Lake